Glossary



Scroll down this page to find the word you're looking for.


-A-


ATM

Automatic Teller Machine—a machine that can be used to withdraw money from your account, check your account balance, or transfer money between your checking and savings accounts. You must have an ATM card in order to use the machine to get to your account.


ATM Surcharge

An ATM surcharge is a fee charged by an ATM owner to a non-customer using the ATM. They range from 50 cents to $5.00 or more. Heavily used ATMs (such as those at tourist attractions, airports, and casinos) often have the highest surcharges. Typically the ATM will give the user a chance to cancel the transaction before the account is charged.


APR

Annual Percentage Rate—How lenders state the interest rate on a loan. The lower the APR, the lower the amount of interest you'll pay.


APY

Annual Percentage Yield—How credit unions and banks tell you how much money you'll earn on your savings if you leave a lump sum in your account for one full year. Use it to compare what institution gives you the best return on your money.


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Balance

The amount of money you have in a checking or savings account. With a checking account, it is important to figure out (or "balance") exactly how much money you have by comparing your check register to your statement.


Bonds

This is a type of investment that represents corporate or government debt. In essence, a bond is a loan from the purchaser to the company or government agency that issued it. Bonds are not federally insured, though bonds issued by the U.S. Government are considered free of repayment risk.


Bonds, U.S. Savings

U.S. Savings Bonds are a popular way to save for the future. They are issued by the U.S. Treasury Bureau of the Public Debt. They are exempt from state income taxes and taxes are deferred until redeemed. Certificate Accounts often pay higher dividend rates than U.S. Savings Bond.


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Check

A check is a negotiable instrument—a written order for your financial institution to pay someone with money in your checking account.


Check Card

A Visa Check Card is a dual-purpose plastic card you use to access your accounts. When it functions as a Debit Card, it's being used to make purchases "debited" against the balance in your checking account. These purchases can be made as Visa purchases where you don't enter your PIN (you indicate "credit" at the merchant or gas pump and purchases clear in a day or two) or electronic Point-of-Sale where you "swipe" your card through a terminal and enter your PIN (you select "debit" and the funds immediately come out of your checking account). When it functions as an ATM Card, you can access every account available to you at the ATM for transactions. At [cu_name] ATMs, you can access virtually all your accounts. At non-[cu_name] ATMs, you can access your [cu_name] Checking Account and your Savings Account.


Check Hold

A check hold is when a financial institution temporarily blocks your access to all or part of the funds in a deposited check until it is paid by the institution on which it was drawn. Federal Reserve Regulation DD specifies the maximum holds financial institutions can place on deposited items.


Check Image

A check image is a picture of a cleared check. The image can be useful when you need to prove to a third party, such as a merchant or the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), that a check you wrote actually cleared.


Certificate

An account where you deposit money for a specific amount of time. The amount that you earn on a certificate is greater than what you earn in other types of saving accounts, but there is a penalty or fee for taking your money out early.


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Deposit

To put money into a checking or savings account. This could be any combination of cash or checks.


Debit Card

A debit card is a plastic card used to make purchases where the amount is paid from a checking account instead of a credit card account. A [cu_name] Visa Check Card can serve as a debit card in two ways. If you specify "credit" at the cash register or gas pump, the purchase still hits your checking account, but you don't need to enter a PIN. The transaction typically clears your account in two days. If you specify "debit" at the terminal, you are making a "Point-of-Sale" (POS) transaction. You'll "swipe" your card in the terminal and enter your PIN. The purchase amount will be removed from your checking account immediately.


Direct Deposit

At most companies, employees can have their employer deposit their pay directly into a financial institution checking account or savings account instead of giving them a paycheck to deposit themselves. This is done by ACH (Automated Clearing House) where the funds are wired instantaneously from the employer's financial institution to the employee's financial institution. The money arrives faster, there is no risk of loss or theft, and there are no payday lines to stand in. Direct deposit is always set up by the employee through their employer's payroll department.


Dividends

Portion of earnings companies pay their owners. There are two kinds: (1) money you earn on your credit union savings accounts (as a member, you are an owner of [cu_name]) or (2) the share of earnings companies pay you when you own their stock.


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-E-


Education Loans

See "Stafford Loans".


Eff Date

Effective Date—the actual date when money either goes into or comes out of an account.


Endorsement

To cash or deposit a check, you must sign (endorse) it on the back. Most institutions request you include your account number in the endorsement so they know against which account to place a hold on the funds if a check-hold is necessary. Writing "For Deposit Only" with your name and account number is a type of restrictive endorsement. It means the check may only be deposited in your account. You would do this to prevent someone else from cashing or depositing the check if it were lost or stolen.


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-H-


Home Equity Loan

This is a loan against the portion of a home's appraised value on which you do not owe money—basically the value of a home, minus the current balance of any mortgage loan on the property. There are primarily two kinds of home equity loans. A Home Equity Line of Credit allows you to borrow money, pay it back, and borrow it again as with a credit card account. The interest rate can change during the loan. A Home Equity Installment Loan typically is for a pre-set length of time at a fixed interest rate.


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Interest

There are two kinds: (1) money you pay a financial institution for the use of money you borrowed or (2) money you earn on a savings account.


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Loan Principal

Amount of original loan you still owe. The principal goes down each month as you make payments. You pay interest each month on the remaining principal until it's paid off.


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Member Described Accounts

This is a type of savings account to which you can assign a name. This name will appear on your statement. For example, if you wanted to save for a CD player, you could open up an account and call it "CD Player" to keep track of the funds.


Mortgage

A mortgage is a type of loan used to purchase a home, usually with the land.


Mutual Fund

A mutual fund is a type of investment where a group of investors collectively own shares of stocks or bonds. You buy shares of a mutual fund as you would stock. Mutual funds are not federally insured.


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-N-


Net Pay

Net Pay is the money you earn on a paycheck minus any taxes or other deductions such as Social Security.


Non-Sufficient Funds

This is when a check, purchase, or ATM transaction is charged against an account and there is not enough money in the account to cover it. All financial institutions charge fees when this occurs unless there is some kind of overdraft protection in place. Purposely writing checks when there are no funds to cover them is considered a crime.


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-O-


Overdraft

See "Non-Sufficient Funds".


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-P-


PIN

Your Personal Identification Number is the secret code you need to use your Check Card or ATM Card at an ATM or POS terminal, Easy Touch Telephone Teller, or your Visa Credit Card at an ATM.


Point-of-Sale (POS)

POS is a way your can use your Uiversity FCU Check Card or ATM Card to make purchases. At merchants that have POS terminals, you'll need to "swipe" your card and enter your PIN to complete your purchases. POS works through regional ATM networks.


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-R-


Reconciliation

When you "reconcile" or "balance" your checking account, you are using your monthly statement to determine the exact amount you have available in your account. It's important to do this each month to prevent overdrafts (and any resulting fees).


Register

You receive a check register when you receive checks. The register is a chart that helps you to record all of the transactions you complete with your checking account. You'll enter the check number (if a check), the date, who you paid, what it was for, how much, and if the amount may be tax deductible. It's important to keep your register up to date so you always know how much is in your account. You'll also use your register when your reconcile your account each month.


Returned Check

See "Non-Sufficient Funds"


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-S-


Service Charge

This is a fee charged by a financial institution. It can be the price for a valuable service or a penalty for violating a "rule". The amount and type of service charges varies by financial institution. Credit unions always have fewer and lower service charges than banks and [cu_name] is no exception.


Stafford Loans

There are two kinds of Federal Stafford Loans that are used to borrow money for education. The Federal Stafford Subsidized Loan is one where you don't accumulate interest until after you leave school. The Federal Stafford Unsubsidized Loan is one where you do accumulate interest, although you don't pay it back until you leave school.


Statement

This is a paper record of your account transactions over a set period of time. Your statement is an essential tool in reconciling your account balances.


Stock

Stock is a type of investment. A share of stock represents a share of ownership in a company. You can make money on stock in two ways—dividends and increases in the price. Stock dividends represent the method companies may use to distribute earnings to their owners (the shareholders). Stocks that don't pay dividends are often called growth stocks—earnings come solely from price growth. Most Internet technology company stock is considered growth stock.


Stop Payment

This is when you instruct your financial institution not to honor a check you have written on your account when it is presented for payment. Financial institutions charge a fee for this service.


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-T-


Temporary Checks

Ever notice how checks have the person's name, address and other information printed on them? This can take a few weeks to print up after someone first opens a checking account. Therefore, the person who opened the checking account receives blank temporary checks which they can use until they receive their printed checks in the mail. Not every store will accept temporary checks, however.


Term

A set amount of time for a financial product. This usually refers to the number of months before a particular loan must be completely repaid or the number of months funds in a certificate account must be on deposit before they may be withdrawn without penalty.


Traveler's Cheques

You can use travelers cheques just as you would cash. The advantage of travelers cheques is that they can be replaced if lost or stolen. The disadvantages are that not every merchant will accept them and the money the cheques represent is not earning dividends for you as it would if you left it in your savings account.


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-W-


Withdrawal

To take money out of a checking or savings account by any means.


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